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                          2018年职称英语综合A概括大意精选试题及答案(3)

                          考试吧提供2018年职称英语综合A概括大意精选试题及答案?#20445;?#20197;供考生参考更多内容请关注考试吧职称英语考试网或搜索考试吧卫生资格微信
                          第 1 页试题
                          第 2 页答案

                          第3部分概括大意与完成句子(第23-30题每题l分共8分)

                          下面的短文后有两项测试任务(1)第2326题要求从所给的6个选项中为第25段

                          的每段选择1个最佳标题;(2)第2730题要求从所给的6个选项中为每个句子确定1个

                          最佳选项

                          The Gap of Lifespan between Men and Women

                          (1) People are living longer than ever, but for some reason, women are living longer than men. A baby boy born in the United States in 2003 can expects to live to be about 73, a baby girl,about 79. this is indeed a wide gap, and no one really knows why it exists. The greater longevity (长寿) of women, however, has been known for centuries. It was, for example,described in the seventeenth century. However, the difference was smaller then--the gap is growing.

                          (2) A number of reasons have been proposed to explain the differences. The gap is greatest in industrialized (个体的) societies, so it has been suggested that women are less susceptible to work stress that may raise the risk of heart disease and alcoholism (酗酒). Sociologists also tell us that women are encouraged to be less adventurous than men (and this may be why they are more careful drivers, involved in fewer accidents).

                          (3) Even smoking has been implicated in the age discrepancy (差异). It was once suggested that working women are more likely to smoke and as more women entered the work force, the age gap would begin to close, because smoking is related to earlier deaths. Now, however, we see more women smoking and they still tend to live longer although their lung cancer rate is climbing sharply.

                          (4) Some researchers have suggested that men may die early because their health is more strongly related to their emotions. For example, men tend to die sooner after losing a spouse than women do. Men even seem to be more weakened by loss of a job. (Both of these are linked with a marked decrease in the effectiveness of the immune system.) Among men, death follows retirement with an alarming (令人担忧的) promptness (迅速).

                          (5) Perhaps we are searching for the answers too close to the surface of the problem. Perhaps the answers lie deeper in our biological heritage. After all, the phenomenon is not isolated to humans. Females have the edge among virtually ( 几乎 ) all mammalian (哺乳动物的) species, in that they generally live longer. Furthermore, in many of these species the differences beginat the moment of conception; there are more male miscarriages ( 流产 ). In human, after birth, more baby boys than baby girls die.

                          23. paragraph 1 __________

                          24. paragraph 2 __________

                          25. paragraph 3 __________

                          26. paragraph 4 __________

                          A. Much Male Miscarriages

                          B. The Reason for the Gap Grows Different

                          C. The Greater Longevity of Women.

                          D. Health Is More Strongly Related to Their Emotion,,

                          E. Women Are Living Longer than Men

                          F. Example for the Age Discrepancy

                          2730补全句子

                          27. Ababy boy live to be about 73, a baby girl, about 79, this has __________

                          28. Women are less likely to work stress that may raise the risk of __________

                          29. More women smoking and they still have __________

                          30. The phenomenon is not isolated to humans __________

                          A. has impact on

                          B. a wide gap

                          C. a longer life

                          D. animal species

                          E. different societies

                          F. heart disease and alcoholism

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